A Video Explaining “Fortuity” as an Unwritten Exclusion
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Because the purpose of insurance is to protect insureds against unknown, or fortuitous, risks, fortuity is an inherent requirement of all insurance policies that take on the risk of loss accepted by the policy. [Two Pesos, Inc. v. Gulf Ins. Co., 901 S.W. 2d 495, 502 (Tex. App. Houston [14th Dist.] 1995, no writ)]. The fortuity doctrine precludes coverage for both a “known loss” and a “loss in progress.” A “known loss” is a loss the insured knew had occurred prior to making the insurance contract. [Burch v. Commonwealth Mut. Ins. Co., 450 S.W. 2d 838, 840-41 (Tex. 1970)].
The doctrine has its roots in the prevention of fraud: because insurance policies are designed to insure against fortuities, fraud occurs when a policy is misused to insure a certainty. Inland Waters Pollution Control, Inc. v. Nat’l Union Fire Ins. Co., 997 F. 2d 172, 175-77 (6th Cir. 1993) and Scottsdale Insurance Company v. William Barret Travis, Maintenance, Inc., No. 05-99-01831-CV (Tex. App. Dist. 5 05/29/2001).
The California Supreme Court considered the complex questions of insurance policy coverage interpretation that arose in connection with a federal court-ordered cleanup of the state’s Stringfellow Acid Pits waste site. The Supreme Court initially addressed the “‘continuous injury’ trigger of coverage,” as that principle was explained in Montrose Chemical Corp. v. Admiral Ins. Co. (1995) 10 Cal.4th 645, (P.2d 878 (1995) and the “all sums” rule adopted in Aerojet-General Corp. v. Transport Indemnity Co. (1997) 17 Cal.4th 38, 55-57 (Aerojet). The California Supreme Court brought to an end the dispute that started in the 1960’s when the Stringfellow Acid Pits began to leak. [State Of California v. Underwriters at Lloyd’s London (2006) 146 Cal.App.4th 851 (54 Cal. Rptr. 3d 343)]